In the past few years the hobby world has exploded with the use of drones for aerial photography. With an increase in popularity the Federal Aviation Administration has been put in a position to regulate these unmanned aircrafts or UAVs. The general public views this new form of technology as a violation of privacy and a nuisance to private property owners. Part of the misunderstanding is lack of knowledge in individuals. This lack of knowledge stems from a brand new type of technology that communities haven’t dealt with before. Similar to other industries that may have started as a simple hobby, business professional have found ways to move into the commercial world. From surveying of property and aerial photography, drone pilots are finding themselves in demand with a special skill set.
In 2012, the FAA decided to step in to set regulations for recreational and commercial drone use. Some of these recreational regulations include, not flying closer than 5 miles to an airport, not flying higher than 500 feet and only being able to fly line of sight. Most of these regulations are safety issues that protect general and commercial aviation pilots and their passengers. As you could imagine if a plane collided with a small UAV, it would cause fatal damage to all onboard personal. Beyond the 2012 reform, the FAA has released new requirements on hobbyists in 2016. Each pilot must register each UAV and pay a fee to the FAA. On the commercial side of the drone regulations, each pilot is required to submit for a 333 exemption. The 333 exemption provides business a legal entry to the commercial drone market place. As of August 26 2016, only 5,552 exemptions have been granted. An example of a company that require this exemption is a business that provides aerial mapping for large mines and quarries. Real estate companies have also used the 333 exemption in attempt to acquire an edge over competitors. Using the drone they are able to capture a birds eye view or over head pictures and videos of property. This method has become very popular with real estate companies.
Unmanned drones are a piece of very new technology that is evolving faster than anticipated. Some people are concerned that a drone with a camera can be used to infringe on their privacy. Hobbyist argue against this point saying that drones do not invade privacy of the public. A lot of controversy surrounds the drone community, soon more laws will be created to settle this controversy.
Not only have drones been used for recreational use but are finding there place within the commercial market. From surveying crops on a farm to capturing amazing video from hundreds of feet in the air, pilots have created business from what once was just a hobby. Farmers use drones to fly around large farms and keep record of crop growth and health from an aerial view. Not only do drones provide a great view point on crop field but are also very efficient. The drone can capture and record the status of crops a lot faster than a surveyor on foot. Engineers are also using this new technology to affordably surgery land on a very accurate level. Autonomous drones use GPS to fly and survey land, the camera can record coordinates and map as accurately as 3 centimeters from 150 meters in the sky. Large scale mines are using this technology to make their mines safer and more efficient. In the past, mines had to use helicopters to map their land that could cost then 2,000 dollars an hour. With the introduction of aerial mapping from an unmanned drone this cost has been pushed down to just 200 dollars an hour.